Israel’s sex offender registry is accessible only to security officials, rather than to the general public. S., is designed to sanction sex offenders and reduce their recidivism rate.The law is enacted and enforced on a state-by-state basis.Most states also restrict where convicted sex offenders can live after their release, prohibiting residency within a designated distance of schools and daycare centers (usually 1,000–2,000 feet (300–610 m)).Guided by the 2007 Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, sex offenders must avoid of such areas as schools, bus stops, gyms, recreation centers, playgrounds, parks, swimming pools, libraries, nursing homes, and places of worship by 500 to 2,500 feet (150 to 760 m).The median age of victims of those imprisoned for sexual assault was less than 13 years old; the median age of rape victims was about 22 years.Child molesters were, on average, five years older than violent offenders who committed their crimes against adults.An estimated 24 percent of those serving time for rape and 19 percent of those serving time for sexual assault had been on probation (or parole) at the time of the offense for which they were in state prison in 1991. An estimated 3.3 percent of these 4,300 were rearrested for another sex crime against a child within 3 years of release from prison.Approximately 4,300 child molesters were released from prisons in 15 U. Among child molesters released from prison in 1994, 60 percent had been in prison for molesting a child 13 years old or younger.
If any sexual contact was made by the adult to the minor, then child molestation has occurred.
In the United States, the Adam Walsh Act (AWA) proposed to provide funding to each jurisdiction which would agree to incorporate its Act into their law.
In the few jurisdictions accepting the agreement, there are Tier I, Tier II, or Tier III sex offenders.
In the modern world of technology, many jurisdictions are reforming their laws to prevent the over-prosecution of sex offenders and focusing on crimes involving a victim.
The term sexual predator is often used to describe a sex offender or any of the "tier offenders"; however, only the category just below sexually-violent sexual predator is reserved for a severe or repeated sex offender: sexual predator.